Dating victorian england
In the case of Eastern Europe, for example, all of these assumptions would be incorrect.
For example, William III of England arrived at Brixham in England on 5 November (Julian calendar), after setting sail from the Netherlands on 11 November (Gregorian calendar), in 1688.
In English-language histories of other countries (especially Russia), the Anglophone OS/NS convention is often used to identify which calendar is being used when giving a date. But the start of the Julian year was not always 1 January, and was altered at different times in different countries (see New Year's Day in the Julian calendar). This was 25 March in England, Wales and the colonies until 1752.
From 1155 to 1752, the civil or legal year in England began on 25 March (Lady Day) The corresponding date in the Gregorian calendar is 9 February 1649, the date by which his contemporaries in some parts of continental Europe would have recorded his execution. During the years between the first introduction of the Gregorian calendar in continental Europe and its introduction in Britain, contemporary usage in England started to change.
However, the two events were combined in the late 18th century, and continue to be celebrated as "The Twelfth".
Because of the differences, British writers and their correspondents often employed two dates, dual dating, more or less automatically.
The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland took place a few months later on 1 July 1690 (Julian calendar).